Located to the northwest of the Big Wild Goose Pagoda, in the south suburb of Xian city, the Shaanxi Provincial Museum is the first huge state museum with modern facilities in China, and given the reputation of "bright pearl of ancient city, treasure house of China."
Designed by the famous architect, Ms Zhang Jinqiu, the museum was completed and opened in 1991. The museum building was designed in China's ancient Tang Dynasty style. The major colors of it, gray, white and black, present to visitors the grandeur and solemnness of the dynasties. The museum has an area of 65,000 square meters, building place 55,600 square meters, cultural relics storerooms of 8,000 square meters, exhibition halls of 11,000 square meters with a collection of 370000 pieces of relics. It is a representative of China museums.
The museum is composed of three sections: the Basic Exhibition Hall, the Theme Exhibition Hall and the East Exhibition Hall.
The Basic Exhibition Hall
This hall covers 6,000 square meters and displays more than 2, 000 historical remains. The hall can be divided into three parts: Preface Room, the Shaanxi Local Historic Exhibition Room and the Main Room.
The Theme Exhibition Hall
The hall is 2500 square meters (26,909 square feet) and usually features a variety of theme exhibitions. The exhibitions in this hall are often theme-oriented to show the history or the culture relics of Shaanxi Province, such as the " Shaanxi Bronze Ware Exhibition", "the Shaanxi Pottery Figure Exhibition " and "Buddhist Culture Relic Exhibition".
The East Exhibition Hall
This hall mainly used for temporary exhibition from home and abroad. The most impressive exhibits here are the murals from the Tang Dynasty tombs. The murals are of great value to explore Tang Dynasty's social life and its grand culture.