Shantou is located in southeast of Guangdong, China, adjacent to the South China Sea. It is known as "the gateway of east Nanling Mountains and the transportation hub of Southeast China" because of its advantageous geographical location. It has jurisdiction over six districts-Longhu, Jinping, Haojiang, Chenghai, Chaoyang, Chaonan and Nan'ao County. The SEZ itself takes up 234 square kilometers of the area. Its longitude is between 116.14 and 117.19 degrees east, and latitude is between 23.02 and 23.38 degrees north.