Situated in the original site of Sun Yat-sen's Presidential Office on the southern slope of Yuexiu Hill, it is a memorial building completed in 1931 with the funds raised by the local people and overseas Chinese in memory of Sun Yat-sen, the pioneer of China's democratic revolution. It was designed by the well-known architect of modern China, Lu Yanzhi, who was also the designer of the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum in Nanjing. The building complex is composed of the arch over the gateway, the auditorium, and the several-storied buildings to the east and west. The auditorium is octagonal - in the shape of the palace hall. Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall has become a symbolic building of Guangzhou.
The building was once the presidential hall when Dr. Sun Yat-sen was the President of China in 1921. In 1922, the building was partially destroyed by a coup. Later, on March 12, 1925 Dr. Sun dies in Nanjing, after his death the locals and Chinese overseas raised funds to rebuild the partial damaged structure.
The construction took placed in 1929, and completed in 1931. There were many historic events took placed in this building. For instance, this building was seriously damaged by the Japanese in World War II, yet on September 17th, 1945, Japan Imperial Army signed their agreement and surrendered to the Government of China here.
Dr. Sun Yat-Sen's Memorial Hall is an octagon shape palace. The complex area covers 6 hectares and the structure area is 12,000 square meters.